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Islam Sects

Faith

Sunni
- Followers are called Sunnis (Sunna means "behavior or practice")
- ~85% of all Muslims
- Followers of Mohammed's father-in-law, Abu Bakr
Apologetics Index

Shi'a (Shiism)
- Followers are called Shi'ites (Shi'ite means partisan)
- ~10% of all Muslims
- Followers of Ali, Mohammed's cousin and son-in-law
- Primarily in Iraq and Iran
- Claim they are the only true followers of Islam
Apologetics Index

Sufis
- The mystic sect of Islam
- Opposes a rigid interpretation of Qur'an
- Emphasizes a simple ascetic life with devotional practices and experiences
The Mystics of Islam
RIM

Wahhabism
- Founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (1703-1791)
- Considers itself to be a puritanical reform movement
- Condemns modernization (TV, telephone, radio, and public education for women)
- Followers include Osama Bin Laden and the Taliban
Apologetics Index
Bartleby

Nation of Islam
- Founded by Elijah Muhammad in 1930
- Currently lead by Louis Farrakhan
- Believes in black supremacy
Apologetics Index
Cornerstone Mag

Other minor sects:
Kharijis, Druze, Alawi, Ismali, Ahmadiyyah

Definitions:
Islam - to surrender
Muslim - those who submit

Links:
Google
Facts on Islam
Answering-Islam
Glossary of Islamic Terms and Concepts
A Comparison of Shi'ite and Sunni Belief and Practice
Islam's influence in the world
A Guide To Islamic Sects
Adherents by country
Islam Primer

Posted: 2003-03-07 10:12:27


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