Blog

Search | Archive | Categories

Eschatology, the study of last things, is a huge topic. There are a lot of interpretations out there and it all gets very confusing. Also, all the interpretations seem to focus on their differences rather than their similarities. So, I've attempted to make a brief list of what is commonly accepted by all (Christian) eschatological theories and some of the key things that differentiate the theories.

Things commonly accepted

Jesus will come back again

Isaiah 13:9-11 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. And I will punish the world for [their] evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

Daniel 7:13-14 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

Matthew 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

Acts 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

I Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

II Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, 8In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ

End time will be marked by apostacy and rampant sin

Matthew 24:15 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.

I Timothy 4:1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;

II Timothy 3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. 2For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, 3Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, 4Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; 5Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

End will come after gospel is preached to entire world

Matthew 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

Nobody can know the exact day that Jesus will come again

Matthew 24:36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

Dead are raised

Acts 24:15 And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.

John 5:28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

Everyone will be judged - good are rewarded, bad are punished

Matthew 13:37 He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; 38The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 40As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. 41The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; 42And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 43Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

Matthew 25:32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: 33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.

John 5:28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

II Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

II Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: 9Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

There will be a new earth

Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

We should always be ready for His return

Matthew 24:42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. 43But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. 44Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh. 45Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? 46Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. 47Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods. 48But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; 49And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken; 50The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of, 51And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Luke 12:37-40 Blessed [are] those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find [them] so, blessed are those servants. And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through. Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.

Differences between theories

There are two main things that differentiate all the theories: the view of the Millennium and the view of the Tribulation.

View of the Millennium

Rev 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 3And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season. 4And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

  Amillennial Postmillennial Premillennial
Binding of Satan Represents the victory of Christ over the powers of darkness accomplished at the cross When the successful preaching of the gospel will have effectively reduced Satan's influence to nothing.

Takes place when Christ returns

1000 years

Symbolic of a long, indeterminate period, corresponding to the age of the church (now) May or may not be a literal duration Literal period where Christ will reign in Jerusalem
Loosing of Satan At the end of the present age A final attempt on the part of a loosed Satan at the end of the age will get nowhere. Bring the Millennium to its climax, followed by the resurrection and judgment of the wicked at the Great White Throne.

View of the Tribulation

Matthew 24:21 For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

  Futurists Preterists
  Pre-tribulation Mid-tribulation Post-tribulation

 

Tribulation Church raptured before tribulation Also call Pre-wrath. Church raptured in middle of tribulation Church raptured after tribulation Tribulation occurred at 70 AD

 

 

Directories:
Google

Overviews:
Eschatology - Valley Bible
Christian Eschatology - Wiki
Christian Eschatology - K5
Eschatology - NewAdvent
Doctrine.net
Endtime.org
Lecture Notes on Eschatology
The Doctrine of Eschatology
NationMaster

Articles:
Threshold
Apocalipsis
What Shall We Believe?

Personal messages:
Return of Jesus
Millennialism
Signs of the times
The next generation
Our preparation

Charts:
Escatology Chart
Three Millennial Views
Eschatology Comparison Chart

Forums:
Eschatology - TheologyWeb
Eschatology Wrestlefest - TheologyWeb

Amillennialism:
He Lives
Reformed Christian Eschatology

Preterism:
Eschatology
Planet Preterist

Postmillennialism:
Enjoying God
He Lives

Pre-trib, Pre-Mill:
Chart

Dispensationalism:
Dispensationalism
Dispensationalism Misunderstood
The Dispensations of God
Dispensationalism Defined


Posted: 2003-11-14 14:01:23


<< I got a Special 20Thar's Gold in dem thar hills! >>

RSS/XML